Contending Modernities Based on the premise that Catholic, Muslim, and secular modernities each bring distinctive resources to the task of illuminating and resolving an array of characteristically modern problems, the project will examine the dynamic co-existence and competition of these “multiple modernities”—as well as the conflicts and contentions among them—with the aim of opening “new paths for constructive engagement between and among religion and secular people and institutions.”
God endures, even as religion wanes The nature of the American religious experience is changing as a rising number of people report having no formal religious affiliation, even though the number of Americans who say they pray is increasing, according to a new survey.
The Future of Religion As new forms of worship and belief continue to evolve in the twenty-first century, we have asked thought leaders from a variety of religious traditions to talk about the future of religion.
Religious America, Secular Europe? A Theme and Variations This slim volume is a useful compendium of contrasting observations about religion in Europe and the United States. Each chapter contains sensible summaries of major issues such as the impact of state churches, the class correlates of religion, differences in education and legal systems, and the gender difference in religious commitment.
Social Sources of the Spirit: Connecting Rational Choice and Interactive Ritual Theories in the Study of Religion This study synthesizes interactive ritual theory with the rational choice concept of strictness, which highlights the level of behavioral prohibitions religious groups place on adherents.
Religion as a catalyst of rationalization For Habermas, religion has been a continuous concern precisely because it is related to both the emergence of reason and the development of a public space of reason-giving. Religious ideas, according to Habermas, are never mere irrational speculation. Rather, they possess a form, a grammar or syntax, that unleashes rational insights, even arguments; they contain, not just specific semantic contents about God, but also a particular structure that catalyzes rational argumentation.
Secularism, secularization, and why the difference matters First, there is the completion of the process of the differentiation—or rationalization—of social spheres. Second, in order to prevent the undeniable effectiveness of “steering mechanisms” from overpowering all other potential social aims including the “semantic potentials” of religious beliefs and their ethical systems, would need to be preserved through a process of “communicative action” that based such beliefs on rational argumentation alone.
Religious Giving and the Boundedness of Rationality We develop a model of religious giving that is based on ideas from recent studies of bounded rationality and related concepts, heuristics, religious identification, and theological–interpersonal interactions. In general, we predict that the positive association between religious service attendance, importance of religion, or beliefs about the bible and religious giving is conditioned by the strictness of the group.
Motivations for and Obstacles to Religious Financial Giving This paper extends previous findings on religion and generosity by developing and assessing a conceptual typology of potential motivations for and obstacles to religious giving.