The Oromo of Ethiopia: An Ethnographic Survey

April 5, 2011 § Leave a comment


It is the objective of the present document to detail the culture of the Borana Oromo people of northeast Africa—specifically southern Ethiopia and northern Kenya. The Oromo, descendents of the Cushite peoples of ancient northern Africa, number about 30,000,000, making up about 40% of Ethiopia’s population. There are also a small percentage of Oromo in the north of Kenya, as well as the surrounding countries of Somalia and Sudan. The Oromo are also known as the Galla, and throughout history have been referred to thus; however, this terminology (assigned to the Oromo by outsiders) is derogatory and is no longer utilized. Within this macro-group of Oromo people there are three main sub-groups (Oromo–Borana-Arsi-Guji, Oromo-Eastern and Oromo-west central). These three divide into various distinct ethnic groups, among whose numbers we find the Borana (of the Oromo-Borana-Arsi-Guji) who are located primarily in the south of Ethiopia and in northern Kenya. The Borana number over 300,000 with ~150,000 in Ethiopia and ~152,000 in Kenya.



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